These species belong to different botanical groups being numbered in the low thousands. They can have very different shapes and sizes, the common element is their special structure, which is the result of adaptation to arid environment they live in.
Juiciest most popular and cultivated plants are the cactus. This time we get acquainted with other succulents, but not part of the botanical cactus family.
Succulent plants besides the property to accumulate water, have the quality to prevent its excessive sweat loss due to changes morphophysiological. For many juicy tomatoes number (leaf formations that make the plant gas exchange with the environment) is very low, due to the disappearance leaves. On the other hand, the loss of water is hampered by a wax layer, a layer of flour, or one of bristles that cover plants.
said modifications allow succulents live in dry conditions, while arousing particular interest, because these characteristics.
Most succulent plants bloom every year after they reach adulthood, where favorable conditions have life. The blooming period varies from species to species, so a careful selection of different types can provide different color flowers throughout the year.
earth mixture is a determinant for the success culture that a composition that would provide optimal conditions for the growth and development can be made from ground celery 1/4, 1/4 ground leaves, 1/4 peat soil, 1/4 sand. To this mixture can be added in small amounts, debris, bone meal, horn meal and charcoal dust. Pots ground level will be lower than the top of it with 2-2.5 cm. To prevent muscle growth on the soil surface, it needs to be sprinkled with powdered charcoal.
transplantation is done each year in the growing season (spring). On this occasion, remove old soil from the roots and remove old roots. After transplanting, succulents not wet for several days to allow healing of broken roots from transplanting.
Watering succulent plant growth during the intervals of a few days, when the plant begins to wither looks like. It recommends watering by dipping the pot in a bowl of water to below the upper edge and lasts until that moistens the soil surface.
Watering can be done from the surface vessel, without watering sieve. Excess water is avoided by good drainage. In summer, watering is done more often, especially in the morning, before the sun to reach the plants. Dry and warm weather, it is good that in the evening fine plants to be sprayed with water.
In autumn, they are watered less often, and as the cold season approaches, the intervals between waterings will become increasingly higher. Thus, in winter, when the temperature falls below 10 C, no more wet at all plants entering the rest.
light-loving succulent plants are due to natural conditions backgrounds. Species that grow in areas of origin in shady places (such as gender and Stapelia Hawortia) will be grown in the same conditions.
multiplication succulent plants is by seed and vegetatively. Most common are propagated vegetatively easily by cuttings. Forming succulents shoots or branches (genus Crassula, Echeveria, Cotyledon, and some species of Euphorbia Stapelia) provides material for cuttings. The species which turn the stem side rosettes are propagated by them, when they are large enough. Cuttings are detached with a sharp knife at a joint level. Before planting, leave a few days in the sun, for healing the cut, then sprayed with coal dust. Pests and diseases
stalk rot is determined Excessive irrigation and nitrogen fertilizers, which favors the development of phytopathogenic fungi. Root rot is caused by inadequate drainage. Among
harmful , the most dangerous are woolly lice, red spider and mealy. They are fighting with insecticides purchased from pharmacies veterinary or plant.